With the technological advances that are taking place in this highly-specialized field, many procedures that once were considered major operations are now being done with minimally invasive techniques. Using an ultra-high-powered microscope, the surgeon’s view of the surgical site is magnified, and by using specially designed surgical tools, the procedures can be done using a much smaller incision which reduces the trauma to the surrounding tissues and results in less blood loss and reduced pain, ultimately yielding faster recovery times.